The **total **surface area of a cone is the sum of the area of its base and the lateral (side) surface.

The **lateral surface area **of a cone is the area of the lateral or side surface only.

Since a cone is closely related to a pyramid, the formulas for their surface areas are related.

Remember, the formulas for the lateral surface area of a pyramid is $\frac{1}{2}pl$ and the total surface area is $\frac{1}{2}pl+B$.

Since the base of a cone is a circle, we substitute $2\pi r$ for $p$ and $\pi {r}^{2}$ for $B$ where $r$ is the radius of the base of the cylinder.

So, the formula for the **lateral surface area** of a right cone is $L.S.A=\pi rl$, where $l$
is the slant height of the cone*.*

**Example 1:**

Find the lateral surface area of a right cone if the radius is $4$ cm and the slant height is $5$ cm.

$L.S.A=\pi \left(4\right)\left(5\right)=20\pi \approx 62.82\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\text{cm}}^{2}$

The formula for the **total surface area **of a right cone is $T.S.A=\pi rl+\pi {r}^{2}$.

**Example 2:**

Find the total surface area of a right cone if the radius is $6$ inches and the slant height is $10$ inches.

$\begin{array}{l}T.S.A=\pi \left(6\right)\left(10\right)+\pi {\left(6\right)}^{2}\\ =60\pi +36\pi \\ =96\pi \text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\text{inches}}^{2}\\ \approx 301.59\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\text{inches}}^{2}\end{array}$