Properties of Congruence

The following are the properties of congruence. Some textbooks list just a few of them, others list them all. These are analogous to the properties of equality for real numbers. Here we show congruences of angles, but the properties apply just as well for congruent segments, triangles, or any other geometric object.

PROPERTIES OF CONGRUENCE
Reflexive Property

For all angles A, angle A is congruent to angle A.

An angle is congruent to itself.

These three properties define an equivalence relation

 

Symmetric Property

For any angles A and B,

if angle A is congruent to angle B, then angle B is congruent to angle A.

Order of congruence does not matter.

Transitive Property

For any angles A, B, and C,

if angle A is congruent to angle B and angle B is congruent to angle C, then angle A is congruent to angle C.

If two angles are both congruent to a third angle, then the first two angles are also congruent.